City of Cleveland: Fire Station 1


Fire Station 1 serves as headquarters for the City of Cleveland’s Fire Division, which has a total of 27 stations in all. This two story building provides firefighting services for downtown Cleveland as well as administrative offices for headquarters staff.


Fire Station 1 serves as an important showcase for the City of Cleveland largely because of its potential for replication. As one of many fire stations located throughout the City, most of which have similar operations, it also includes office space similar to that of many other City buildings. Being an older building, its potential for demonstrating improvements in energy efficiency can provide valuable lessons learned across several types of City buildings.

The project was initiated in April 2012 and is expected to be completed within 18 months. The project is expected to cost roughly $140,000 and return annual energy and cost savings of 21%.



An energy assessment for different facility types was completed in 2008, which identified fire stations as facilities with significant potential for energy savings. Fire Station 1, being the headquarters fire station, was included in the scope along with other facilities in the lighting and HVAC upgrade project. The project was funded by the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG). Funding for the remaining two phases is expected to be paid for by the City.


The retrofit project is being implemented in four phases:

  1. Lighting upgrades
  2. Infrared heating in the apparatus bays
  3. Conservation and employee behavior change
  4. Re-commissioning

These four phases were selected because of their cost-effectiveness, a key consideration for the City of Cleveland. In the longer term, the City plans to evaluate upgrades to the building envelope. Because the building is serviced by district steam, which is largely dependent on coal, the City plans to consider cleaner fuel source alternatives in the future as well.

Lighting upgrades

Lighting upgrades throughout the facility included installation of efficient fluorescent T8’s and reflectors, LED lighting where applicable, induction lighting, motion sensors, and daylight sensor equipped exterior lighting.
Estimated annual savings = 353 MMBtu/year (site energy).

Infrared heating

Infrared heating in the fire station apparatus bays utilized radiant tube heaters as a more efficient source for heating objects and people than ambient heating. Apparatus bays and garages also face frequent air infiltration issues when the doors are opened and closed.
Estimated annual savings = 200 MMBtu/year (site energy).



Improved lighting throughout the facility, and targeted heating in the garages/apparatus bays for equipment and vehicles, should provide for better comfort and operating conditions for the fire personnel.


Annual Energy Use

(Source EUI)
Baseline (2010)
235 kBtu/sq. ft.
Actual (2013)
207 kBtu/sq. ft.

Energy Savings:


Annual Energy Cost

Baseline (2010)
Actual (2013)

Cost Savings:


Sector Type

Local Government


Cleveland, Ohio

Project Size

43,000 Square Feet

Financial Overview

Project Cost $140,000

Outside view of Fire Station 1
Outside view of Fire Station 1